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Urukingo Rwa Mbere Rwa Malaria Rukomeje Gutanga Icyizere Ku Bana

Yanditswe kuwa

Ishami ry’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ryita ku buzima, WHO, ryatangaje ko urukingo rwa RTS,S rurimo kwifashishwa mu gukingira malaria mu bana, rumaze guhabwa abasaga 650.000 mu bihugu bya Malawi, Ghana na Kenya.

Uwo muryango watangaje ko aho urwo rukingo rurimo gutangwa muri guhunda y’igerageza rwatanze musaruro, urebye ku gipimo cy’abahitanwa n’iyi ndwara ugereranyije n’uko mbere byari byifashe.

Hamaze gutangwa inkingo zisaga miliyoni 1.7, kuko abahanga bagaragaza ko uru rukingo rukora neza ari uko umuntu amaze guhabwa inkingo enye za RTS,S.

Mu igerageza r’urwo rukingo ryakozwe hagati ya 2009 na 2014 mu bihugu birindwi byo munsi y’ubutayu bwa Sahara, byagaragaye ko mu bana bafite hagati y’amezi 5–17 bahawe inkingo enye ziteganywa za RTS,S, zagabanyije 39% ku bwandu bwa malaria isanzwe na 29% kuri malaria y’igikatu.

Izi nkingo zanagabanyije uburyo abana barembaga bakajyanwa mu bitaro, n’uburyo bakeneraga kongererwa amaraso ho 29%.

WHO igaragaza ko gutanga uru rukingo byihutirwa cyane kuko nko mu mwaka wa 2019 habaruwe uburwayi miliyoni 229 bwa malaria, mu gihe iyo ndwara ihitana abantu 400 000 buri mwaka. Hejuru ya 90% by’impfu za malaria zibarurwa muri Afurika, benshi bakaba ari abana bato, basaga 265 000.

Gusa urugamba rwo guhashya iyi ndwara rwagizweho ingaruka n’urwo guhangana n’icyorezo cya COVID-19 cyugarije Isi.

Umuyobozi Ushinzwe Ikingira muri WHO muri Ghana, Fred Osei-Sarpong, yagize ati “Ubu noneho igikenewe ni ukureba uburyo dushobora kugeza ku bana ziriya nkingo uko ari enye. Muri Ghana twashyizeho igitaho cy’ikingira kugira ngo turebe ko buri mwana wahawe urukingo rwa mbere ahabwa n’izindi eshatu zisigaye.”

Biteganyijwe ko mu Ukwakira uyu mwaka inzobere mu bijyanye n’ubuzima zizahura, zikemeza uburyo bwo kugeza izi nkingo za malaria mu bihugu byinshi ku isi.

RTS,S ni rwo rukingo rwa mbere ndetse kugeza ubu nirwo rwonyine rwatanze icyozere ko rushobora kugabanya malaria mu bana, harimo na amalaria y’igikatu.

Rurimo kugeragerezwa mu bice usanga nibura malaria yihariye 60% by’uburwayi abana bavurwa.

Iyi gahunda yatangiye mu 2019. Hateganyijwe inkingo zigera kuri miliyoni 10 mu cyiciro kirimo gukorwa.

Uru rukingo rwa RTS,S rwatangiye gukorwa mu 1987 n’abahanga bakoraga muri laboratwari za SmithKline Beecham Biologicals, ubu ni GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines.

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